Treatment of Type-2 Diabetes
The most common form of diabetes, type 2 diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar (glucose) is too high. Insulin, a hormone produced by your pancreas, helps blood sugar enter your body’s cells so it can be used for energy. Type 2 diabetes means your body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin properly. If the use of insulin by the body is defective, it causes a steady rise in your blood sugar called insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is usually detectable before the onset of type 2 diabetes. The good news is that diet can help decrease insulin resistance and its associated weight gain, which may help prevent or even reverse diabetes.
What About CGMs?
Our DietMD® program works in conjunction with continuous glucose monitors (CGMs), such as the FreeStyle Libre or Dexcom. CGMs automatically track blood glucose levels to help patients make informed dietary decisions and achieve the best possible results.
Can Medications Impact Diabetes?
You may be able to manage your diabetes with healthy eating and physical activity, or you may need prescription medications to help manage your blood sugar and lose weight.
Medication can be an important part of treating AND reversing diabetes. Your DietMD® physician will adjust your diabetes medications as your body responds to dietary changes.
At DietMD®, we prescribe medications for patients needing assistance with diabetes control.
Metformin and Glucophage (Biguanides) – Both of these medications are biguanides, a class of medications used to treat type 2 diabetes. Biguanides do not affect how much insulin your body produces, but instead make your body more sensitive to insulin. This helps your cells take in glucose to use as energy, decreases glucose production in your liver, and reduces glucose concentration in your bloodstream.
Ozempic (Semaglutide) – Ozempic is a semaglutide, an antidiabetic medication used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and as an anti-obesity medication for long-term weight management. Ozempic is a once-weekly injectable prescription medicine used in conjunction with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar. Ozempic has also been shown to lower the risk of major cardiovascular events such as stroke, heart attack, or death in adults with type 2 diabetes and known heart disease.
Trulicity (Dulaglutide) – Trulicity is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. It is a once weekly injectable medication that works by activating the GLP-1 receptor, causing your body to release more insulin, stopping the body from releasing more sugar into your bloodstream, and slowing down digestion. Trulicity helps control and maintain blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
Prandin (Repaglinide) – Prandin is an oral medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. Prandin, as with other repaglinides, affects the cells in the pancreas causing them to produce more insulin. Prandin is taken before meals to enhance insulin production during the meal. When used along with proper diet and exercise, Prandin helps control blood sugar.
Mounjaro (Trizepatide) – Mounjaro is an injectable medicine for adults with type 2 diabetes. A once-weekly injection, Mounjaro works by impacting your body’s insulin levels, blood sugar production, and hunger hormones. It is used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar levels and can lead to significant weight loss.